Generally, an appointment to the papacy is for life, but on several occasions, most recently Benedict XVI in 2013, the Pope has resigned from the post. This means that the Catholic Church recognises that someone can cease to be Pope. As the Pope is elected by the Papal conclave, consisting of members of the College of Cardinals, it stands to reason, therefore, that Cardinals may also be able to remove the Pope from his position.
However, the Fundamental Law of Vatican City State states that
- The Supreme Pontiff, Sovereign of Vatican City State, has the fullness of legislative, executive and judicial powers.
Which seems to indicate that such a removal would not be legitimate, as the Pope could just declare it illegal.
Is there any process by which the Pope can be removed from office through no fault or wrongdoing of his own? If not, are there any circumstances whatsoever, including potential wrongdoing by the Pope, that would enable him to be removed from office short of resignation?