Once the Brexit deal has finished going through the UK parliament, does it still have to be ratified by the national government of each EU member or has it already got past that stage?
Under Article 50(2), once the European Parliament has approved the withdrawal agreement, the European Council (i.e. heads of government) will vote to approve it. None of these votes has yet happened.
There is no need in EU law for the agreement to be ratified in individual parliaments. Only a qualified majority of EU states (15 states representing 65% of the population) voting for it at an EU summit is required for the withdrawal agreement to be approved by national governments.