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63

The Law and Polish Complicity in the Holocaust While "Poland as a nation" is not to blame for the Holocaust, and while there was no official cooperation between Poland and Germany, government institutions as well as individual Poles collaborated with the Nazis (see also here): As German forces implemented the killing, they drew upon some Polish agencies, ...


46

A combination of: 1. Low per capita income While not among the very poorest countries in the EU, Poland is far from being the richest. Per capita income in Poland is $12680, compared with $43660 in Germany and $9470 in Romania. This means Poland's per capita contribution to the EU budget is comparatively low. 2. Large population Poland is much larger ...


32

It's the flag of the PKK, the Kurdistan Workers Party: They are in conflict with Turkey because of civil rights violations against Kurds, as well as a desire for a Kurdish nation.


31

There's a key difference: In the Czech Republic, judges are appointed for life and cannot be revoked. Once appointed they can go rabid against the Executive and Legislative branches of government if the situation calls it. (EU countries all have a similarly independent Judiciary branch, whereby Judges cannot readily be dismissed nor can they have their ...


23

The reason PiS is considered dangerous is not because they have the absolute majority, it's what they are doing with it. In just the first three month of the legislative period, they: Changed the rules of procedure of the constitutional court to make it harder for them to rule laws as unconstitutional. Increased the control of the parliament over the public ...


18

The issue is not so much about "Polish death camps" but about doubts of how far does the law go, or how far will future laws go. While the death camps, during WWII there where a few cases were Polish people did commit war crimes; either as individuals colaborating with the Germans, in operations together with the German occupation forces or even by units of ...


14

This flag is the symbol of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, also known as the PKK. Their main goal is to establish an independent Kurdish state in a territory currently claimed by Turkey, Iraq and Syria. Several states, including Turkey, The European Union and the United States, consider it a terrorist organization.


13

Ideological reasons: The Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union (consolidated version) says: The Union is founded on the values of respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights This ideological foundation is incompatible with authoritarianism. But ideologies are usually trumped by realpolitical ...


12

Like all things 'legal' in the realm of politics, the only real answer is maybe. The process of article 7 from what I can discern is that either Article 7.1 or Article 7.2 (the wording sounds like 7.2 might also be an escalation of 7.1) are triggered by entities within the EU determining that a member state is violating "EU Values". If the country doesn't ...


11

Usually when country A declare war to country B, it is for one of the following reasons: Country A wants to have control over natural resources of country B Country A wants revenge for a previous war, or get back territory lost to country B Country A wants "to protect" ethnic minority A within country B About natural resources Russia already has an ...


11

When the citizens and leaders of Poland made the decision to leave the Soviet/Russian sphere of influence and to join "the West" in the late 80s and early 90s, "the West" looked much as it had during the 70 and 80s: a free trade and free travel union with subsidies for the poorer members. But changes had already been set in place to transform the EU into ...


8

For Hungary the private accounts were not technically forcibly taken over by the government, however between November 2010 and December 2011 all payments to the private accounts were suspended and those with private accounts had to opt-out of the government plan to merge the private accounts into the public ones. The 8% of a persons paycheck that once went ...


8

The law is too broad. Any mention of the Polish nation having contributed to the Holocaust could get you in trouble. Yes, you can talk about the individual acts. But you can't tie them into a bigger picture. Obviously, a law making what many consider the truth illegal is going to be controversial. If the law only talked about the Polish state (as opposed to ...


8

There are several points to observe here: Crimes conducted by the Third Reich were by far the largest point of any war crimes committed in Poland and against Polish civilians. The question, to which extent Polish people were collaborating with the Nazis, is of high emotional impact to the country that has suffered harshly from the German occupation. Other ...


8

This is of course a speculative answer, since it is difficult to say what is really going on the heads of the people. I found a report of Public Radio International that states: However, many Poles support the current powers and actually say these reforms are a divorce from old communist judicial systems. Tomasz Sakiewicz, the editor-in-chief of ...


8

The main benefit is to prevent Russia from influencing Poland into its sphere of influence, via military threats. Stratfor usually covers this in depth, but in short, this is a long term (centuries old, predating USA) game. Core Russia as a nation state suffers from a geopolitical problem: it has no natural defenses in the West, thanks to North European ...


7

It's not unheard of for individual politicians to own a media company, examples include Silvio Berlusconi or Michael Bloomberg. Perhaps more common is for media moguls to get involved in politics (directly or indirectly). There are some very famous examples like William Randolph Hearst or Rupert Murdoch. In many countries, the newspaper business is not (...


6

As of yesterday (2, May, 2018) a proposal for the budget of 2021-2027 was advanced by the European Commission which refers to this subject (among many others). Before commenting on this I would like to answer your question directly. The Article 7 of The Lisbon Treaty states the following: Where a determination under paragraph 2 has been made, the Council,...


6

In Poland, few years after the new mandatory private pension system was established, some citizen requested to withdrawn his funds, arguing that those were his private savings. Eventually the case hit the supreme court, which fearing that this precedence would result in collapse of the system, ruled that the money collected by the state and transferred to ...


5

There's a lot of talk about Poland and increasing forces and greater Nato presence there, but I don't think Russia is a threat to Poland cause I don't think Poland is a threat to Russia. That doesn't mean things couldn't get heated and some trouble can't happen, but I don't think it's a particularly hot spot, though certainly the 2nd part of your question ...


4

I believe that the law in question is particularly controversial for three reasons: It is implemented mostly to express specific ideological stance, not out of actual necessity, as of majority of possible cases, would be out of Polish jurisdiction (and are more likely to result in diplomatic incidents) and more often a result of limited historical knowledge,...


4

According to the National Law Review there are several major changes, including the following: Increasing the number of judges and reducing their retirement age – The number of the judges of the Supreme Court will be increased from the current 81 sitting judges to at least 120. The current retirement age of 72 will be reduced to 65. The right of a judge ...


4

This should get a more extensive answer, but what I could find in The Economist: Voters are ambivalent about the newcomers. In a survey in 2016, 63% told CBOS, a pollster, that Ukrainians are good for the economy. But a similar number said the government should restrict the flow of migrants from the east. Meanwhile, government ministers invoke the influx ...


3

Not directly. In general, the success of PiS stems a lot from the failure of PO but also an increasingly moderate manifesto/election campaign. It could have been assumed though. Especially Kazinsky repeatedly expressed his fondness of Orban's constitutional changes, and when the polls indicated PiS could get an absolute majority, he said: We have to show ...


3

Poles living abroad have been instructed to report comments made by compatriots that could be “harmful” to Poland’s reputation, according to a report by German public broadcaster NDR. I've looked up and read few articles and while I've found few describing situation similar to what's quoted minus the bold part, I couldn't find anything about "made by ...


3

While I generally agree with Jack's answer I think that he could have included one key regulation, mentioned by Trilarion: Article 354 (ex Article 309 TEC) For the purposes of Article 7 of the Treaty on European Union on the suspension of certain rights resulting from Union membership, the member of the European Council or of the Council ...


3

There isn't really an increase in Euroscepticism - what there is is an increase of scepticism for the way the EU is currently being run, and that's by no means unique to Poland, it's common across most of Europe (see the results of almost every election in Europe over the last few years). Ordinary people across the continent (and further - see the US!) are ...


3

Pakistani news site urdupoint writes that about twenty heads of state are expected, but I haven't seen any list or group photo yet. Attendees: Angela Merkel (Germany) Volodymyr Zelensky (Ukraine) Janos Ader (Hungary) Borut Pahor (Slovenia) Edouard Philippe (France) Charles Michel (Belgium) (probably) Guðni Th. Jóhannesson (Iceland) Absentees: Vladimir ...


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