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93

Mail-in voting and provisional ballots: In many states, mail-in votes are allowed to arrive well after election day, provided they are postmarked on or before election day. Voters who cast a provisional ballot on or before election day are also given an opportunity to "cure" it. In practice, this usually consists of going to the county registrar ...


39

It doesn't need to be fast While the popular vote is important, the electoral college will "meet" in mid-December to decide the winner. There is no pressing need within the system to determine the results of all 55 portions before that point. There's more than a month before the popular election results need to be finalized and that's why states ...


23

It actually isn't laborious. U.K. observers have to realize several things first of all: Using Sunderland as an example is stacking the deck. Sunderland isn't even a fair comparison to most ballot counting in the rest of the United Kingdom, which takes several hours overnight to well into the next day in most Parliamentary constituencies. Where "...


17

There are technical reasons for this detailed well in Kevin's answer, but there's an undergirding philosophical position that provides an essential context to questions like this: We're talking about the United States of America. Back in ye olden times 13 relatively autonomous polities decided to form a union to promote their collective interests and they ...


13

That depends on the laws in each state. In some states mail in ballots can be counted as they come in but in others they can't be counted until the polls close. I have included a couple of states for reference but the article lists what is expected in all 50 states and the District of Columbia https://projects.fivethirtyeight.com/election-results-timing/ ...


12

In addition to what many said here already, some points: the 'huge' numbers of votes to be counted should not make any difference. All related tasks could be easily parallelized basically, every location has a different reason for being slow, often prescribed by century-old laws, processes, or rituals any changes towards faster and / or easier processes hit ...


10

It is precisely because of the Prisoner's Dilemma logic that random ballot is strategy free. A voting system being strategy free means that what (you think that) other people's votes have no impact on how you would vote. Since the impact of your vote always is "a tiny chance for your selected candidate to win", you don't need to consider other people at all....


10

What would happen if they got 10,000 candidates? Would the ballot need to list all these names? This would be extremely unlikely to happen in many states. States have ballot access laws, which as you might expect, restrict which candidates can have their name placed on the ballot. A good list of these laws applicable in the 2020 Presidential election can be ...


9

Vote by mail does not preclude secret ballots I am a resident of Oregon, which was the first state to move to an entirely vote-by-mail system following the passage of Ballot Measure 60 in 1998. A good vote-by-mail process can preserve a secret ballot. In practice, Oregon's process does a reasonable job of this. Unfortunately, the codified process does not ...


8

One answer I just heard from a friend on social media: The last states to have their votes in are not necessarily swing states. The results reported in media are statistical projections. States with a close competition take longer to project, as differences of a few percentage points are practically even. States that have a clearer difference are easier to ...


7

There are several different "none of these" options that have been implemented. Many of them are only implemented in private elections (as distinct from public elections; e.g. elections within unions or student elections or internal elections in political parties). One is "Re-Open Nominations" (aka RON). If elected, then the nominations have to be re-...


7

This article explains the procedure behind it. A few quotes: Electoral fusion is an arrangement where two or more political parties on a ballot list the same candidate, pooling the votes for that candidate. Distinct from the process of electoral alliances in that the political parties remain separately listed on the ballot, the practice of electoral ...


6

This is a measure to prevent people from putting a ballot paper into the box when they didn't properly follow the procedure. In Germany, the voting procedure is explained in §56 of the Bundeswahlordnung. This paragraph, for example, mandates that every voter MUST fill out the ballot paper in the polling booth and MUST fold it in a way that it is impossible ...


6

NOTA in Nevada is non-binding: the highest placed candidate gets the seat Votos en blanco in Colombia is binding: elections are re-run if over 50% Declined ballots in some provinces in Canada are non-binding but three provinces publish the official stats in election results NOTA in Russia was binding but this has been removed from legislation. Vote blanc ...


6

For federal elections, records must be retained for twenty-two months. Otherwise, state law applies. 52 U.S. Code § 20701 - Retention and preservation of records and papers by officers of elections; deposit with custodian; penalty for violation, Every officer of election shall retain and preserve, for a period of twenty-two months from the date of any ...


5

In California, you must request a vote-by-mail ballot for each election unless you have permanent vote-by-mail voter status. You may request a vote-by-mail ballot on the form provided by your County Elections Official. Many Elections Office Web sites have a copy of this form. You can download one here. The ballot you are mailed depends on the precinct ...


5

Under United Nations rules of procedure, all elections are held by secret ballot. Elections Rule 92 [103] [See annex V, para. 16] All elections shall be held by secret ballot. There shall be no nominations. And the vote to allow Saudi Arabia on the women's rights council is an election. Though the UN does not explicitly mention why secret ballots are used ...


5

A shortening of the election cycle would result in: a greater degree of overheads a risk of reduced traction (the bigger the government - the more pronounced this issue - and this is a situation where new 'heads' require time to get a feel for their 'feet' so as to start 'running' their respective sections) also an increased pressure to switch to electronic ...


5

The rules governing valid and spoiled ballots for the UK can be obtained from the electoral commission at https://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/sites/default/files/pdf_file/UKPE-doubtfuls-booklet.pdf 2.2 The (A)RO may only reject a ballot paper on the following grounds: • it does not contain an official mark • a vote for more than one candidate has been ...


4

One bin is used for write-in votes, while the other is used for ballots without write-ins. This allows the pollworkers to more easily find the ballots they need to manually process. There is also a third bin, but it's inaccessible unless the pollworkers unlock it. This is used if the machine is malfunctioning, and ballots are just put in there manually. ...


4

From personal experience, when people are queuing to vote, they get nervous and tend to make mistakes. Also, the people responsible for the voting station also tend to make mistakes due to mechanic and repetitive work they are doing. Also, the task they do is not something they do everyday, so they are not used to it. The two mistakes that are the most ...


4

Random Ballot could be considered a prisoner's dilemma, depending on what your priorities are. The Prisoner's Dilemma is a scenario where two people are making a binary choice where the stable equilibrium of the system (the strategic choice of all parties trying to maximize their personal gain) is less profitable for all players than if everyone had made ...


4

This is about the situation in germany. (Risks of) mail voting are discussed every once in a while. The general line of the constitutional court is that it should stay an exception because of the known risks - but that it is also necessary to allow people to vote who cannot come in person to voting station on election Sunday. By now this exception has ...


4

An in person secret ballot itself is not a guarantee against intimidation, threat, or bribery, it just reduces the odds somewhat. There are other ways. Examples: In person voters unlikely to favor a powerful criminal's favorite candidate might be bribed, intimidated, coerced, or even restrained to not vote at all, or harried and delayed so aggressively as ...


4

It's less political theory, and more cryptography that you probably want to look at in order to answer your question. The idea of trying to maintain ballot secrecy, while allowing the anonymous voter to confirm that their ballot was counted how they intended is not new. This wikipedia article references proposals going all the way back to 2004. https://en....


4

The counters are volunteers. Anyone can volunteer, but the local governments that run the counts prefer people with administrative and organisational experience, and many of the regular counters are bank staff, who are used to counting pieces of paper quickly and accurately. Members or active supporters of political parties are not accepted as counters, who ...


4

Everyone who is not DEM or GOP, including a choice of “none of these”. Look for example at some of the State Assembly where there is no gray, and click on “show details.” Those with no gray have only two candidates and no one voted for “none of these” (or not enough to make it visible). (Note: Some have only a Republican and an IAP, so there is red and green ...


4

This is a somewhat tentative answer because voting secrecy is alas a matter of degree (FYI: as of 2015 at least, Sweden still had vote-organization rules that resemble those in Germany or the USA from more than 100 years ago, meaning party-identifiable ballots.) Wikipedia suggests that the 1993 presidential election in Nigeria used a system that counts as &...


3

In paper ballot states, for example California, there seem to be a "standard" way of getting a ballot (from what I was told in comments, you get mailed one when you register to vote). My understanding is that in-person voting is the default in California, and one must specifically request a Vote By Mail ballot. However, there are occasionally small ...


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