46

Trump has indeed claimed something along the lines of "there is a better employment rate than ever in the USA right now". Now before the Covid-19 crisis, unemployment rate was at a low level. According to official sources, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, it was about 3.5% since September 2019, which was the lowest level in the 21st century. ...


43

I think these countries are in fact approaching this as a problem that has an obvious solution, as you suggest. The issue lies, however, with convincing their populace to work these seasonal jobs, and the inherent nature of seasonal agricultural work. Firstly, the levels of unemployment are not necessarily going to be as bad as you might think, at least in ...


29

I'm one of the authors of Freedom in the 50 States. We don't expect economic freedom to correlate with unemployment rates at all. Why not? Basic economics. Unemployment has to do with whether the labor market is in equilibrium, that is, whether all those looking for jobs are able to find a job at the wage rate prevailing in a competitive market. The labor ...


21

The cynical, pessimistic reason is that wildcat strikes have no real constituency. Obviously employers are against them; they're against strikes in general. Further, they aren't illegal in the sense that people go to jail for them; they're illegal in that people don't receive any special protections if they strike. I.e. employers can choose to fire ...


21

There are significant efforts to recruit unemployed or underemployed locals for seasonal farm work. In many cases seasonal farm work is actually skilled work, at least if it is to be done quickly and correctly (i.e. pick only the ripe fruit, not all of it). While that can be learned, teaching requires formal or more likely informal instruction. It won't be ...


16

Unions can negotiate member only contracts if they want, but it wouldn't really help them at all. They have no power to say what non union members would be getting and non union terms are basically guaranteed to be the same or better than what the union can offer, because anything worse can be opted out of by joining the union. Therefore, the best possible ...


16

Anti-union laws generally make it harder for: Unions to form, by allowing employers to discriminate against unionised workers, or requiring onerous processes to be followed for the formation of a recognised union, or not requiring employers to recognise and negotiate with a union even when it represents the majority of workers. Unions to operate, by not ...


15

At most, the unexplained pay gap is between 4.8% and 7.1% The 77% figure is often criticized because it is a raw aggregate based on several assumptions. For example, women tend to work fewer hours, in lower paying professions, with less work experience. The 77% figure for median full-time woman, does not take any of those differences into account. A study ...


15

In the USA the closest that exists is the Green Party. Their platform includes: The Green Party proposes a third alternative to a job or no job dichotomy: that is to provide everyone a sustainable livelihood. The need of our times is for security, not necessarily jobs. We need security in the knowledge that, while markets may fluctuate and jobs may come and ...


14

Policemen are equipped with the power of the state; in many countries, they have a monopoly on violence, which means that the state legitimizes their use of physical force. Because of this, ordinary citizens are defenseless against violence by police; if they resist, they will be charged with resisting arrest and other crimes. And because of this, it is ...


14

Questions of citizenship and migration from third countries are reserved to the member states of the EU, so the rules differ between the 28. EU-wide: The EU "blue card scheme" is modelled on the US green card, and intended to provide a simpler migration route for highly skilled third country workers. At the moment it's only primarily issued by Germany, and ...


12

The way unemployment is calculated has not changed. It is the measure that is boasted as "Unemployment" that is suspect. This is because the unemployment rate is defined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics as: People are classified as unemployed if they do not have a job, have actively looked for work in the prior 4 weeks, and are currently available for ...


12

Norway's ratio of government spending to GDP per capita is so low because their GDP per capita is so high. With $100,579 per year and head it is the second highest in Europe (only Luxembourg got slightly more, but Luxembourg is a special case in many regard). For comparison, the economical heavyweights of the EU, Germany and France, only got $45,000 and $44,...


12

There was a big labor movement in the United States, they accomplished quite a bit for workers rights. Unions managed to get worker safety, leave, and no longer get payed in company scrip. These accomplishments happened roughly in the time frame you ask about. The biggest win for workers was probably the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, which crated minimum ...


11

Lower Salary requests: Seasonal workers at the end of the season might go back to their country where there's a lower cost of living (at least for now). Furthermore, if they have to support a family, or save to buy a home, it is probably still at the prices of the country of origin, and therefore they are probably willing to accept lower salaries. Lack of ...


11

The answer by RickSmith correctly points out that the federal appropriations that cover most of the administrative costs of unemployment insurance have been around $2.5-2.6 billion in recent years. This is a little over the average monthly payout of benefits for 2019 according to Statista. So to answer the headline question (or rather the logical inverse of ...


11

There is mass unemployment. The unemployment rate is 11.1%, which is certainly quite high by US standards, as you can see from Glorfindel's source. 11.1% is higher than the peak unemployment rate during the Great Recession. Trump's tweet contains this image: The data in this image can indeed be true, but it doesn't mean there's low unemployment. That's ...


11

Why $600 a week? When you add $600 to the national average unemployment payment — $371.88 a week at the end of 2019 — the replacement rate goes from 38 percent to almost exactly 100 percent. In other words, that amount is what it would take for Congress to replace what the average American worker receiving unemployment would have earned. This seems to be ...


10

Because unions can't unilaterally negotiate terms and conditions for non-union members. It's an agreement between employer and organized workers, and with the addition of the employer setting the wage level of the non-negotiated employees. The employer would have to want to not match the pay for the other workers, which is not up to the union. So, ...


10

The Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute (FSLMRS) that you've linked in your question actually spells it out when it comes to what federal employees can legally do when it comes to collective bargaining. "The Statute" came about after the passing of the Civil Service Reform Act (CSRA) of 1978 under the Carter administration. Under the CSRA, ...


10

Mass Unemployment According to Wolf Street, the BLS numbers are highly misleading. Essentially, there is a massive discrepancy between the unemployment numbers published by BLS vs. the unemployment claims reported by the DOL (Department of Labor). Either there is rampant employment fraud, and tens of millions of Americans are claiming unemployment benefits ...


10

Why do you think people in the US do not get pensions? Employer-paid pensions, although less common than they once were, are still a thing: https://www.pensionrights.org/publications/statistic/how-many-american-workers-participate-workplace-retirement-plans The problem with employer-provided pensions is that they generally require people to stay with the ...


9

Yes, Congress passed a bill requiring all federal employees, including furloughed workers, be paid retroactively after the government reopens. The bill was signed into law by President Trump. The summary of the Government Employee Fair Treatment Act of 2019 is as follows: This bill requires employees of the federal government or a District of Columbia ...


9

Most notably in construction and entertainment. In construction, many companies have closed shop or union shop contracts whereby you either have to join a union, or pay the equivalent sum of money. https://therealdeal.com/issues_articles/the-state-of-the-construction-union/ In entertainment, you must be a member of the actors guild to perform in a union ...


9

Because it is already an issue. Visa Overstayers However, an estimated 86,940 people who entered Australia in 2017–18 breached their visa conditions. Many of them quickly left the country, but as of 30 June 2017, there were 62,900 unlawful non-citizens residing in Australia—a number that has remained roughly constant over the past few years. 50% of unlawful ...


8

That depends on whose definition of communism you are using. Ferdinand Lassalle, a socialist who predates Karl Marx and the term Communism, wrote: To each according to his contribution This credo would imply that people who do not contribute to society do not deserve to receive from society. Karl Marx, however, criticized this philosophy in his 1875 essay ...


8

If a union negotiates for members only benefits, non-union workers doing the same job at the same place of employment would cost less. This creates an incentive for the business to hire non-union labor for those positions, arguing union members out of a job. While there is a loss because the non-union labor doesn't pay dues, the union still enjoys a net gain ...


8

This is actually a very difficult question because finding the pay gap between people with the same job, responsibilities, and working habits, is hard enough, but when you try aggregating all of those cases, things can get very hairy very quick. But for the sake of humoring you, Here's the first figure that I've found. It ends up being's 81.5% By ...


8

Is the media liberal leaning? To be precise the evidence is that the media is moderate Democrat leaning. As per Pew Research, moderate Democrats find the least bias in the media of any group and conservative Republicans find the most. Moderate Republicans and Liberal Democrats find a middle amount and about the same. This suggests that the news media ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible