46

Trump has indeed claimed something along the lines of "there is a better employment rate than ever in the USA right now". Now before the Covid-19 crisis, unemployment rate was at a low level. According to official sources, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, it was about 3.5% since September 2019, which was the lowest level in the 21st century. ...


44

I think these countries are in fact approaching this as a problem that has an obvious solution, as you suggest. The issue lies, however, with convincing their populace to work these seasonal jobs, and the inherent nature of seasonal agricultural work. Firstly, the levels of unemployment are not necessarily going to be as bad as you might think, at least in ...


30

I'm one of the authors of Freedom in the 50 States. We don't expect economic freedom to correlate with unemployment rates at all. Why not? Basic economics. Unemployment has to do with whether the labor market is in equilibrium, that is, whether all those looking for jobs are able to find a job at the wage rate prevailing in a competitive market. The labor ...


22

There are significant efforts to recruit unemployed or underemployed locals for seasonal farm work. In many cases seasonal farm work is actually skilled work, at least if it is to be done quickly and correctly (i.e. pick only the ripe fruit, not all of it). While that can be learned, teaching requires formal or more likely informal instruction. It won't be ...


14

Questions of citizenship and migration from third countries are reserved to the member states of the EU, so the rules differ between the 28. EU-wide: The EU "blue card scheme" is modelled on the US green card, and intended to provide a simpler migration route for highly skilled third country workers. At the moment it's only primarily issued by Germany, and ...


12

The way unemployment is calculated has not changed. It is the measure that is boasted as "Unemployment" that is suspect. This is because the unemployment rate is defined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics as: People are classified as unemployed if they do not have a job, have actively looked for work in the prior 4 weeks, and are currently available for ...


12

Norway's ratio of government spending to GDP per capita is so low because their GDP per capita is so high. With $100,579 per year and head it is the second highest in Europe (only Luxembourg got slightly more, but Luxembourg is a special case in many regard). For comparison, the economical heavyweights of the EU, Germany and France, only got $45,000 and $44,...


11

Lower Salary requests: Seasonal workers at the end of the season might go back to their country where there's a lower cost of living (at least for now). Furthermore, if they have to support a family, or save to buy a home, it is probably still at the prices of the country of origin, and therefore they are probably willing to accept lower salaries. Lack of ...


11

There is mass unemployment. The unemployment rate is 11.1%, which is certainly quite high by US standards, as you can see from Glorfindel's source. 11.1% is higher than the peak unemployment rate during the Great Recession. Trump's tweet contains this image: The data in this image can indeed be true, but it doesn't mean there's low unemployment. That's ...


10

The Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute (FSLMRS) that you've linked in your question actually spells it out when it comes to what federal employees can legally do when it comes to collective bargaining. "The Statute" came about after the passing of the Civil Service Reform Act (CSRA) of 1978 under the Carter administration. Under the CSRA, ...


10

Mass Unemployment According to Wolf Street, the BLS numbers are highly misleading. Essentially, there is a massive discrepancy between the unemployment numbers published by BLS vs. the unemployment claims reported by the DOL (Department of Labor). Either there is rampant employment fraud, and tens of millions of Americans are claiming unemployment benefits ...


10

Why do you think people in the US do not get pensions? Employer-paid pensions, although less common than they once were, are still a thing: https://www.pensionrights.org/publications/statistic/how-many-american-workers-participate-workplace-retirement-plans The problem with employer-provided pensions is that they generally require people to stay with the ...


9

Most notably in construction and entertainment. In construction, many companies have closed shop or union shop contracts whereby you either have to join a union, or pay the equivalent sum of money. https://therealdeal.com/issues_articles/the-state-of-the-construction-union/ In entertainment, you must be a member of the actors guild to perform in a union ...


8

Is the media liberal leaning? To be precise the evidence is that the media is moderate Democrat leaning. As per Pew Research, moderate Democrats find the least bias in the media of any group and conservative Republicans find the most. Moderate Republicans and Liberal Democrats find a middle amount and about the same. This suggests that the news media ...


8

Unemployment may correlate with economic freedom ceteris paribus, but it's not a 1-1 causality both ways. For example, China or USSR had unambiguously extra low economic freedom, yet they had pretty full employment (formally, USSR actually had something called "parasitism" law meaning you get arrested if you don't work/study/retire; informally, the official ...


8

Yes, Congress passed a bill requiring all federal employees, including furloughed workers, be paid retroactively after the government reopens. The bill was signed into law by President Trump. The summary of the Government Employee Fair Treatment Act of 2019 is as follows: This bill requires employees of the federal government or a District of Columbia ...


7

I would dispute all the premises of the question. Until now, there are no unprecedented levels of unemployment due to COVID19-related measures across the Western world. The only country where I have heard that the lockdowns resulted in immediate massive unemployment is the US. By contrast, many European countries had higher level of unemployment (as defined,...


6

Well, first of all, a far more effective solution would be to send low-risk incarcerated offenders out into the fields. This would help to reduce overcrowding in incarcerated populations (lowering the transmission rate of Covid-19 there), could be easily justified as part of the prisoners' reparations to society, and rewarded with reduced sentences or ...


5

In the UK, this is regulated by the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act. Under the act an applicant does not need to disclose any spent convictions for most roles. Convictions become "spent" depending on the sentence given. Cautions and non-custodial convictions become spent most quickly. Custodial sentences of over 2½ years never become spent. The age at which ...


5

The other answers do a great job explaining why economic freedom might not be well correlated with unemployment, mine looks at the specifics of the situation in Hawaii. Living in Hawaii is absurdly expensive. The cost of living in Honolulu is 88% higher than the national average. This article describes the problem in more detail, "According to the U.S. ...


5

You are asking a fairly broad question, so I need to tackle a few points before answer it directly. Why are some nations more wealthy than others? The economic term is called total factor productivity - it measures how much stuff a country can produce given a certain amount of inputs (land, capital, labour, etc). Improving this number is the only way to ...


5

GDP is the wrong denominator to use here. It's like calculating a company's operating costs as percentage of its revenue, while including proceeds from liquidation of assets as part that revenue. It's just bad accounting. What ought to be used is GDP net of resource rents. In 2008, 21.43% of Norway's GDP was from the liquidation of its natural resources (...


5

Are illegal movements of EU citizens in the EU a significant problem? E.g. is there a significant black market for Eastern EU labor in the West, for instance in prostitution, undeclared day labour, and similar? Yes, there is such a black market. Whether it's a significant problem is hard to say. These laborers try to stay under the radar, so most reports I'...


5

The EU has an extensive report on the illegal employment of "third country nationals", by which I think they mean non-EU citizens. They have this summary breakdown of where most illegally working TCNs come from: The most common third-country nationalities identified as illegally employed in the eleven Member State which provided statistics 2015 ...


5

This question's premise is fundamentally flawed because it ignores a simple fact about agricultural work: Local workers don't want to do it. The reasons behind this are numerous, but the primary two are: Agricultural work is seen as being "below" locals' social status. Agricultural work is seen as disproportionately difficult for the remuneration provided....


4

https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/employee-relations/employee-rights-appeals/#url=Overview is a decent place to start looking into the relevant law, but the short answer to your question is that no one person in the federal government, including the President, has the power to fire a career appointment employee without due process. Exactly what due ...


4

SOTU number was out of the "lies, big lies, and statistics" method of counting - yes, you can find a particular statistics to get that #, but it's quite misleading, both in how it was counted, and what was omitted from the full story. Methodology of what was counted is extremely misleading (cherry picking time period). 14.4 million increase in jobs is ...


4

the best way to get accurate unemployment numbers is to look at the BLS report, but focus on the U6 or U5 number. The "official" number is U3 which can be manipulated relatively easily. explanation of all the levels: The Bureau of Labor Statistics also calculates six alternate measures of unemployment, U1 through U6, that measure different aspects ...


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