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142

Culture. In the US denial of climate science has been turned into part of the 'culture wars'. As such it is part of identity of many on the political right to decry global warming as a left-wing invention made up for political ends. Any effect on reality, jobs or international relations is secondary. And it seems that unlike many things, like repealing ...


125

Why do US police use handcuffs in otherwise calm, non-violent circumstances? Because they have cause to fear escalation and because their training encourages it. Since the question mentions UK currency and US policing, we can compare the two countries: Escalation The US population is five times that of the UK. However deaths of police officers are 50 times ...


91

Herd immunity* is one aspect. Limiting mutations is another. The Covid virus has shown so far a disturbing, and not totally expected, capacity to quickly evolve itself into more infectious variants (and possibly more lethal/harmful ones as well, if the impact of Delta on young people in the UK turns out to be actually worse). Any large scale population ...


75

These are some of the reasons mentioned by Trump that support the withdrawal from the agreement. 1. It increases energy prices should the US follow through its goals. The United States hopes to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 26-28 percent below the 2005 level in 2025, and also try to reduce emissions by 28 percent as per aims set out by the Obama ...


73

Many countries are seeking to move to a system of 100% voluntary (unpaid) blood donations, and many others already have; according to the World Health Organization's Global Status Report on Blood Safety and Availability 2016, fifty-seven countries reported collecting 100% (or more than 99%) of their blood supply from voluntary non-remunerated donations. The ...


66

Specifically with reference to the UK, an article in the Guardian reports that Experts have warned about the risk that if tough measures are taken too soon, “fatigue” may set in, prompting the public to disregard the advice just as the virus reaches its peak. Effectively the argument is that, absent some sort of enforcement squad if people are told to ...


64

This practice has been going on for decades - if a child's parents are criminally prosecuted and held in federal prison awaiting trial, then family separation must occur as a consequence as children may not be held in federal prison. In addition, due to the 1997 Flores Settlement, children may not be held in an immigration detention center for longer than 20 ...


62

Eliminating national debt is not necessarily a good thing because a country's economics are a lot less like personal finance and far more like business finance. Businesses (and countries) take on debt because they believe they can use the debt to spark growth far in excess of the interest on the debt. That's why using a personal frame of reference is ...


59

The administration is taking it seriously, but so far has had trouble getting the funds for it as well as fully convincing the Pentagon that a 6th force, separate from the Air Force, is really needed. The motivating enemy is apparently... In 2007, China blew up a dead weather satellite with a missile, creating a massive debris cloud in orbit, which Pence ...


59

Writing the debts off after 30 years is a way of linking repayments to earnings, as well as negating the risk of the loan to the student. Loan repayments are usually made automatically as part of tax on your income, and no payments are required unless your income is over a certain level, currently around £26,500 - there is no legal way to avoid paying back ...


58

A safeguard WAS put into place. We call it the Electoral College (although it is not named as such in the Constitution). It failed miserably at that goal. The original vision when the Electoral College system was devised had three aims: To prevent political parties from dominating politics. To prevent a populist from getting elected to office. To "...


53

Let's separate out two distinct issues... First, the Biden administration is following epidemiological best practices. As more people get vaccinated, the disease spreads more slowly, the incidences of the disease become less severe, and the impact on medical services becomes less pronounced. A viral disease is a lot like a wildfire, and we have the same two ...


49

At least in Italy, this appears to be in part a response to pressure from newspapers and their readers. On March 11th, the director of la Repubblica newspaper Carlo Verdelli published (in Italian) an article asking for newsagents to be included in the list of essential services, saying that "The list is missing a service that is more fundamental now than ...


48

Note that the manufacturer has worked around this ban by introducing the Kinder Joy It has plastic egg-shaped packaging that splits into two, one half contains layers of cocoa and milk cream and the other half contains a toy. Because the edible and non-edible parts are separated, this can be and is sold in the US. And since someone suggested in a comment ...


47

They have tiny pieces that are considered to be a choking hazard. There have been some high profile and tragic deaths among children due to choking on toys with small pieces. So the United States is especially stringent in regulating children's toys. The Kinder Surprise Eggs are considered especially dangerous as they are embedded in a food product. So a ...


43

A government can try to ban anything, but in case of tobacco there are various reasons not to. There are people who insist on their right to smoke. They might tolerate state-imposed health-advise, but being entirely prohibited from smoking might cause them to no longer vote for the politicians who supported the ban. There are economical interests. ...


42

The reason for Sweden's rather hands-off approach compared to other European countries was summed up rather well by lead epidemiologist of the Public Health Agency of Sweden, Anders Tegnell, who said in an interview with CNBC: My view is that basically all European countries are trying to do the same thing — we’re trying to slow down the spread as much ...


37

Introduction The beginning of traffic safety for rural highways was with civilians. Their work resulted in government action and led to standardization throughout the United States. Wikipedia, History: At the start of the 20th century—the early days of the rural highway—each road was promoted and maintained by automobile clubs of private individuals, who ...


36

Shutting down schools, banning large gatherings and pushing people to do home office has a massive economic cost. Of course you never get the exact numbers on either death or cost but essentially you have to answer questions like: How many death does one need to prevent to make a 10% reduction of annual GDP worth it? This is a complicated ethical question ...


34

White privilege is an academic concept that has recently been brought into the mainstream discourse by social media campaigns and movements like Black Lives Matter. It's basically a theory that white people in western countries have more societal privileges than people of other ethnicities who come from the same political, social and economic class. It's ...


34

Venezuela's economy Venezuela is a communist planned economy with an authoritarian government. It is, therefore, an example of Socialism. Under Chavez and Maduro, Venezuela's economy became a planned economy based on oil production, with few other industries, its oil industry has been nationalized since 1973, and there were significant petrol subsidies for ...


33

Although the United States generally avoids economic planning (and even industrial policy), this is not to say the government leaves everything to the market. I don't have much expertise on this topic so I'm sure the following list will be incomplete. But here are some examples of ways that the federal government intervenes to ensure the continued ...


31

There are three interlocking reasons: Face coverings are perceived as an affront to feminism/women's liberation/etc... The fact that women (but not men) are forced to cover their face, is pretty much as naked patriarchal/opposed to feminism as you can get (heck, even most anti-third-wave-feminists agree that it's a valid reason to pro-feminism-protest and ...


31

The euro[zone] is probably a prime example; there a tons of critical materials about it, see Stiglitz' book (summary/review) on the topic etc. The criticism is that the Eurozone doesn't quite meet the technical criteria for a currency union, aka the optimum currency area so this puts a lot of unintended pressure on the poor[er] and less competitive countries ...


31

Even though I have sometimes thought that allowing the unwilling to be vaccinated to sicken and die is just an instance of evolution in action, I still realize that there are practical* reasons to encourage vaccination. In addition to the herd immunity factor that has already been covered, there are problems of limited medical resources and costs. Have you ...


30

First off your assumption needs to be addressed. Foreign investment does not, in itself, ratchet up the cost of homes. The actual problem is foreign investors who dry up the supply of properties by purchasing real estate abroad for investment purposes and sitting on them without renting them. As long as locals can keep buying or renting the properties owned ...


30

This $1.90/day is an updated (for inflation basically, more precisely for ICP) of the 1990 World Bank standard of $1/day (actually $31/month). So it's worth recalling the principles/derivation for the original figure of Ravaillon et al. (1991): Different societies have different perceptions of what constitutes "poverty," reflecting (in part) different ...


29

Bear in mind that Trump is already seeking to terminate Obama's Clean Power Plan, among other environmental initiatives. This makes it unlikely that the US will meet its commitments under the Paris accord, and those commitments are anyways nonbinding. Yes, this includes the outstanding pledge of $2bn to the Green Climate Fund. As NPR reports, ...the ...


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