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63

The State Counsellor of Myanmar, Aung San Suu Kyi, has a Nobel peace prize and there are calls for some of her military leaders to be prosecuted for war crimes. She herself might also be complicit. According to Channel 4 reporting (Channel 4's interview with Professor Yanghee Lee, who is the UN Special Envoy, is available via that link): The United ...


54

I'm sure there's more, but here are the ones that I can remember: Henry Kissinger He served as the U.S. Secretary of State during both the Nixon and Ford administrations and received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973. He has been accused of committing the following war crime: Source Violating Art. 25 of Hague IV for his role in the secret American bombings in ...


51

Very good question and I am surprised that I as German needed to dig deeper into the stuff than anticipated. I tried to consult the German Wikipedia and the normal Google results, but got essentially nothing at first. I suppose it was self-evident schoolboy knowledge at their time and they did not bother to remark the function for following generations. ...


50

This is trivially untrue. I haven't researched the earliest peaceful transfer of power, but here's the wikipedia article for the UK general election of 1708. That was the first UK election following the union of England and Scotland and So not even the first peaceful transition of power in England. Which is almost 100 years earlier. I feel confident you ...


42

Both of your bullet points are correct, and both are wrong. Yes, communism was actually successfully applied. The caveats are that it was only successful under the following limitations: in an extremely small scale (either geographically - think a single village - e.g. Kibbutzes in Israel are, for all intents and purposes, an example of Communism in action;...


39

Has this ever happened before, that a standing Member of Congress switched parties directly from one major party to the other? If so, when? The number of party switchers is too numerous to list here. The names and dates are provided in the links. List of United States Representatives who switched parties, includes the reference to Jeff Van Drew. List of ...


38

The holocaust took place to some extent within Germany, and German Jews/gypsies/homosexuals were taken to extermination camps. There was no equivalent within Japan itself. Japanese war crimes took place in China and Korea, a long distance geographically and cognitively from people in Japan. The holocaust was separate from war. The Nazis wanted to exterminate ...


29

Assuming the statistic is accurate For a long time, neither the Republicans nor the Democrats were ideologically pure. There were the southern Democrats who voted very differently from the rest of their party. And there were New England Republicans who did the same (in reverse). In more recent years, the New England Republicans have mostly been ...


25

The closest I can think of is Henry Kissinger. He has accused by many of war crimes, with a judge in Argentina considering him a 'defendant or suspect'.


25

The word "True" in there gives this question all the hallmarks of a No True Scottsman question. I could say Somalia today (which has no effective government), but then I'm pretty certain some stipulation would be added to render that invalid (eg: "well...OK it has to actually have a government"). Fundamentally, if you don't have a government protecting ...


22

Terrorism - the word It is impossible for the British Government to have called the revolutionaries 'terrorists' during the Revolutionary War. The word was not coined until late in that century, and was then applied only to the Reign of Terror of the French Revolution. The word did not acquire its modern usage until just after World War 2, when it was used ...


22

There are two sides to the claim: what happened, and what's significant about it. It's not hard to come up with a variety of accurate claims that what happened in 1800 was some kind of first, but the one you pose isn't one of them. Just to address the title, "was the 1800 US presidential election the first intentional, peaceful transfer of national control?" ...


19

The confusion here is the use of the word alienable, which means non-transferable, not unrestrictable. For Jefferson, as with most of the Founding Fathers, rights were grounded in Natural Law, hence the wording "We hold these truths to be self-evident...." In other words, human rights were a function of "humanness," and not transferred to them, or bestowed ...


18

No, there are some that have none, but they are pretty rare. But all have some sort of replacement, sometimes unwritten, sometimes written but uncodified. I'm not aware of a single country outside the 5 below that don't have a codified written constitution and are considered democratic: Of course, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, as ...


18

This seems to be coming from Haldeman: While Nixon sought support from the silent majority, diplomats were at work on both North and South Viet- namese. Kissinger continued his talks with Le Duc Tho and indicated that his boss might be mentally unhinged. Nixon himself carefully cultivated the fears that he might go to irrational lengths to get his way. ...


18

It depends how you define "strike", but the North Korean capture of USS Pueblo came after the Cuban crisis. And during the capture Pueblo came under fire, resulting in the death of one crew: The North Korean vessels attempted to board Pueblo, but she was maneuvered to prevent this for over two hours. A submarine chaser then opened fire with a 57 mm cannon,...


17

tl;dr: If non-dictatorial communist societies existed, then not for long. But what is communist anyway? There's a lot of confusion concerning the term communism. There have been many movements that called themselves communist, and more often than not they have denounced each other as wrong or traitors. Let's try to get a definition from the horse's mouth: ...


16

US citizens tend to get passionate about the constitution, if for no other reason that it's one of the few things most of them agree on. The first part of the US constitution is boilerplate government operational stuff. It's the amendments, specifically the first ten amendments known as the Bill of Rights, that the citizens pay the most attention to. They ...


14

The history of the GOP logo is rather confusing. First of all, it is true that the current GOP logo features three stars pointing downward, but the RNC logo - which is completely different - contains three stars pointing upward. Moreover, the Republican Party of Minnesota uses both versions in the same page. Previous versions of the logo feature both ...


14

In order to have an official relationship with the People's Republic of China (mainland China), you have to discontinue official relationships with the Republic of China. So if you want any official relationship with the Republic of China, you can't have any official relationship with the PRC. Source: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/One-China_policy There ...


14

It can be summed up by 3 things (and if I missed any, feel free to point out). The success of Reagan and the re-aligning of the party behind his ideals. Conservative talk radio and the ending of the fairness doctrine. Primaries Reagan The 1976 Republican Convention was a borderline disaster. Think of Bernie's effect on Hillary's convention victory and ...


14

The two contexts are very different. The US is federal with the Senators representing the states at the federal level, while the UK was an entirely centralized state running an empire from Westminster. The UK conflict over the budget which led to the Parliament act was effectively class warfare (with Winston Churchill on the progressive side!). Changing the ...


12

An important factor is the posture of German versus Japanese leaders. For instance, when he was sentenced to hang at Nuremburg, Hans Frank, a leading Nazi opined: "A thousand years will pass and still Germany's guilt will not have been erased." On the other hand, in his radioed "surrender announcement" to the Japanese people," the Emperor Hirohito said, "...


12

Parallels: outgoing president from party Y a likely/possible chance of there being elected a president of opposing party in that year's election Deep partisan divide. Open judicial positions (see next bullet point) needing nominees. Differences: in 1992 there were no actual SCOTUS vacancies, Biden was talking about a theoretical situation that would have ...


12

Basically, as the article you mentioned explains further, it's part of the Putin-era effort to [re]glorify the Stalinist legacy, and in particular the WWII aspects thereof. Also, the trend appears to have been exacerbated by the post-2014 events (standoff with the West over the Crimean annexation etc.) The re-evaluation of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact ...


12

No. Mr Cippollone's letter is being laughed at as ridiculous by legal experts. Wow. This letter is bananas. A barely-lawyered temper tantrum. A middle finger to Congress and its oversight responsibilities. No Member of Congress should accept it, no matter his or her view on the behavior of Pelosi, Schiff, or Trump. Things are bad. Things will ...


12

Links to some scholarly analysis on the topic at the bottom The first thing to understand when addressing this topic is that our political parties are not monolithic organizations with a single set of beliefs. In some political systems there are many parties with more specific ideals, and in order to reach a majority to gain control it often requires two ...


11

Apart from the discussions in the comments about what constitutes an extreme-left party and what does not, I think this is a very complex question. Extreme left? As usual the right-left separation, which is very popular in the media, is, to say the least, a very unsatisfactory one. It depends on the culture of each country, and depends on time. What was ...


11

US policymakers did not have total faith Communism would fail. They worried it would defeat capitalism, or at least coexist with it indefinitely. For example, consider the "New Frontier" speech given by Senator (later President) John F Kennedy in 1960: For the harsh facts of the matter are that we stand on this frontier at a turning-point in history. We ...


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