128

14th Amendment to the US Constitution, Section 1: All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any ...


71

For many countries, the decision to allow visa free travel is based on the likelihood of abuse of the immigration system. In the case of Mauritius, the judgement is that Mauritian citizens do not represent a significant risk of overstaying. Mauritius has a stable democratic government and a successful economy, so Mauritian citizens are happy to return home. ...


66

No, all non-citizens and non-green card holders from these countries will not be allowed into the US. The text of the Executive Action: I hereby proclaim that the immigrant and nonimmigrant entry into the United States of aliens from countries referred to in section 217(a)(12) of the INA, 8 U.S.C. 1187(a)(12), would be detrimental to the interests of the ...


62

This practice has been going on for decades - if a child's parents are criminally prosecuted and held in federal prison awaiting trial, then family separation must occur as a consequence as children may not be held in federal prison. In addition, due to the 1997 Flores Settlement, children may not be held in an immigration detention center for longer than 20 ...


52

I don't think that there is anything to reconcile. As you said, left-wing politicians support strong regulation for workers rights and a high minimum wage. The poorest workers make minimum wage, so immigration should not reduce their wage. In the same manner, strong regulations should prevent employers from abusing workers. But even if we assume that this ...


50

There are a few major difference between the two executive orders. Basic information Both executive orders share the same name, but has different numbers. Initial Order: Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States (13769) - Issued and effective on Jan 27, 2017 Revised Order: Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry ...


50

Here are the Democratic Presidential Candidates that definitely support repealing section 1325: Bernie Sanders: His website says “As president, Bernie will [r]epeal 8 U.S. Code Section 1325, putting border crossings on par with other forms of immigration violations, such as overstaying a visa.” Elizabeth Warren: Warren has long supported repealing section ...


45

A President can revoke birthright citizenship, it's just that the revocation would likely be immediately challenged by courts, and potentially never enforced if it's found to be unconstitutional. Technically, a US President has the authority to direct a federal official or agency to enforce the law in any way they choose through what are called executive ...


37

How is it that Ted Cruz can run for the U.S. presidency seeing as he was born in Calgary? The US Constitution just requires that the President be a "natural-born citizen". It doesn't say anything about the place of birth. Although the term "natural-born citizen" was never officially defined, the current legal consensus is summarized by a Congressional ...


36

This a good question, because what seems intuitive is often not exactly so. In this case, immigration doesn't lower wages. For example: a 2016 report by the London School of Economics found that the parts of the UK which received the greatest number of EU immigrants suffered no worse a decline in wages than the rest of the country, and declining wages are ...


35

The two points are not incompatible; the first type of study says that immigrants aren't particularly attracted to countries/states with high welfare benefits, as opposed to (say) high salaries. The second point says that immigrants tend to use more welfare compared to natives once in a country. Now, I don't know if the second (non-peer-reviewed) [CIS] ...


34

Although the ban is nominally targeted at everyone of certain nationalities, it specifically excludes people from religious minorities in those countries. Because these are Muslim majority countries, it means that it only really applies to Muslims. Upon the resumption of USRAP admissions, the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of ...


34

The official rationale, according to Trump's presidential proclamation, is that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) could become overwhelmed "if sustained human-to-human transmission of the virus occurred in the United States on a large scale". It continues: The World Health Organization has determined that multiple countries within the ...


31

The BBC has a great overview of the impact of immigration on the UK. It uses a variety of sources and is in agreement with studies done on the subject. Immigration has been a great benefit to the UK overall. It increases prosperity for all, creates new jobs, helps staff public services like the NHS without putting undue load on them, and contributes ...


31

There have been a number of reactions from the EU so far - some official, others not so much. I've decided, in the world of Twitter diplomacy, to count tweets from ministers and current/former heads of government as official responses for this purpose. Responses are in chronological order, culminating with the joint statement by President von der Leyen and ...


30

Adding some points to Panda's answer: The new order clarifies the situation for dual citizens. Travelers will be treated based on the passport they present; for instance, a British citizen can still enter even if she is also a Syrian citizen, as long as she is traveling on her British passport. Anyone who had a visa when the last order took effect can ...


23

The premise of this question is questionable. The Mauritian passport is not especially strong. The Wikipedia article quoted in the question is citing the Henley and Partners Visa Restrictions Index 2017 (PDF). While this is a reputable source, it uses consecutive numbers for rankings, even if many countries tied at previous ranking levels. It does indeed ...


23

Previous administrations, and the Trump administration until a few months ago, had a policy where only some people caught crossing the border illegally would be subjected to criminal prosecution (like people who were repeat offenders or who had a criminal record). Instead, most people just went through civil deportation proceedings. This changed a few ...


22

Summary: In general, EU citizens can enter any other EU country and travel or work freely but not necessarily stay as long they want, especially if they don't have a job. Full freedom of movement means that Romanian and Bulgarian citizens now have the same rights than other EU citizens, without the job market restrictions that applied to them until 2014. ...


22

A YouGov poll just published today shows significant support across the political spectrum: The full results show that the level of support among Leavers (62%) is nearly as high as that among Stayers (70%). If that seems surprising it may be relevant that a study published last year found the following: Those who subscribe strongly to the Leave identity, ...


19

The right of Union citizens (and their families) to move and reside freely within the Member States that originated with the Schengen Agreement in 1985 is regulated by Directive 2004/28/EC of the European Parliament and Of the Council (emphasis mine): (9) Union citizens should have the right of residence in the host Member State for a period not exceeding ...


19

tl;dr The ban does not apply to green card holders, however it makes entry to the US for non-citizens more difficult due to additional background checks. Explanation Text of the Executive Action: I hereby proclaim that the immigrant and nonimmigrant entry into the United States of aliens from countries referred to in section 217(a)(12) of the INA, 8 U.S.C. ...


19

There are several broad groups of immigration, for which different approaches are required to ensure maximum benefit to the host country. Refugees / asylum seekers There are absolutely no benefits to taking in refugees voluntarily, as any benefit you receive from welcoming a refugee could likewise be obtained by welcoming a regular worker from elsewhere. ...


17

Because Congress and the Obama administration said so. From the official Department of Homeland Security announcement: Pursuant to the Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security had sixty days to determine whether additional countries or areas of concern should be subject to the travel or dual nationality restrictions under the Act. After careful ...


17

The UK does have one of the highest percentages but not the highest. So yes, the same phenomena is common to plenty of other developed nations, although "typical" might be to much of a strong word. The reasons are likely different for each one of them (see the plot at the end of the answer) but it does not seem to depend on the level of development (check ...


15

No, the old travel ban (EC 13769) is revoked and the Justice Department has dismissed its appeal of the Seattle federal court ruling. Executive Order 13769 is revoked as stated in the last few lines of the new executive order (13780): Sec. 13. Revocation. Executive Order 13769 of January 27, 2017, is revoked as of the effective date of this order. In ...


15

”Free movement” in the EU primarily applies inside the EU, i.e. it regulates relationships between EU countries. Regarding the free movement of people, it means that it applies to EU citizens themselves (and only incidentally to their family or to long-term residents). There are EU rules pertaining to third-country nationals but they have always been much ...


14

Actually, it does not affect non-EU immigrants at all. EU laws grant that nationals of EU countries have the right of residence in other EU countries. This is not a "free for all" right, though; after a few months of residence they have to show they have a way to sustain themselves (v.g. a work) or may be deported. People who are not national of EU ...


14

Empirical Measurement: Is there competition between migrants and local workers? Distributional effects Economic theory predicts that similar type of workers are competing with each other, but different type of workers can be complementary. A low-skilled/blue-collar worker needs a manager to be more productive, and a researcher needs a manufacturer that ...


14

Questions of citizenship and migration from third countries are reserved to the member states of the EU, so the rules differ between the 28. EU-wide: The EU "blue card scheme" is modelled on the US green card, and intended to provide a simpler migration route for highly skilled third country workers. At the moment it's only primarily issued by Germany, and ...


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