52

Firstly, I think there is some flawed logic in the OP's premise that, historically, the purpose of taxation was to tax the production of something. When a person earns a salary, they are not producing money - money is being given to them in exchange for their labor/expertise. Money is only 'produced' by a central bank or national mint, so by the OP's logic, ...


44

There are two issues with your question. The first is that you're approaching this from a wrong angle. The question is not how or whether a property tax is justifiable or justified, but rather how or whether its modern variation came into existence with any kind of sensible rational. The second is that your idea of there being some kind of barter system is ...


23

If something illegal is happening, through connections, this could qualify as organized crime. The FBI may be interested. If the tax law is being interpreted in a discriminatory matter, that could be a civil rights issue. Look for a reputable NGO.


21

However, when it comes to the renting - it all magically goes away It doesn't look like it. The only case where owners are allowed to discriminate is when (source): the owner is living in the property, and the owner is selling or letting the property without using an estate agent, and the owner is not advertising the sale or letting of the property - a for ...


19

You're paying for the government to defend your property (among other things.) One of the services that most governments provide is that of stopping invading armies and marauding gangs of criminals from marching in and taking your property away. That is to your benefit, and your benefit is proportional to the value of that defended property. As such, you ...


15

In the late 1980s in the UK, the Conservative government decided that they would break the traditional connection between property rental value and local taxation. Instead of people paying tax according to the value of their property, each person would pay a flat rate in return for the services provided in that district. It would be called the "community ...


15

Property taxes are generally based on the value of the house as determined by the tax assessor at the time that value is reassessed. Different places have different laws and rules that govern how the assessor determines the value of the house, but, as the article says, since the assessment is done by a human being, there will always be some subjectivity in ...


9

Politically you can vote for officials you believe to be "fair" and honest. Politically, you could run for tax assessor or county commissioner. Otherwise, you could call the County tax assessors office (or better yet, go there in person) and ask for an explanation and for documents that support the explanation. If you feel you are not given a fair and ...


8

For Hungary the private accounts were not technically forcibly taken over by the government, however between November 2010 and December 2011 all payments to the private accounts were suspended and those with private accounts had to opt-out of the government plan to merge the private accounts into the public ones. The 8% of a persons paycheck that once went ...


8

Time4Tea's answer explains why property taxes are justified in a modern society with multiple potential alternative forms of taxation, as they pay for various government services that property owners presumably use. However there's an additional justification for property taxes that applies especially in the case of unproductive property, even for unused ...


7

By the definition provided in the question, the answer is probably closer to yes than no, however the Amish would consider that definition a decidedly "English" view. Meaning that their concept of community and order, "Ordnung" it is not that simple. “The order is not written down. The people just know it, that’s all.” Rather than a packet or rules to ...


7

I'd like to point out that I indeed think the question how a community (whether village/town, ..., state) collects the money it needs to provide its services to the citizens is to a large extent political. 4 ways come to my mind: collecting fees: a fee is collected to provide a certain (stated) service, good or right. In contrast, taxes are collected ...


6

Unfortunately, it doesn't appear that there is a national database regarding eminent domain property seizure. Books like this rely on case studies as anecdotal evidence. Cursory web searches show available data from the state of Texas, but no national databases. There is, however, a well-made Congressional review from 2006 on eminent domain: Eminent Domain: ...


6

A common fallacy in history is to judge past events by contemporary standards. The concept of a right is a construct of a society, and will vary according to the conditions under which that society functions. The Europeans had no right to take N America, if one applies the concept as it is understood today. It was simply the norm of the time. You took what ...


6

In Poland, few years after the new mandatory private pension system was established, some citizen requested to withdrawn his funds, arguing that those were his private savings. Eventually the case hit the supreme court, which fearing that this precedence would result in collapse of the system, ruled that the money collected by the state and transferred to ...


5

The question is wrong in its attempt to explain anarcho-communist approaches to social production, as such the question is unanswerable. This will be an attempt to answer what the question should be. Social production of useful objects is an inherently social phenomena. Pencils are never produced in isolation or on Walden Pond. They are always produced ...


5

Based on the definitions you provided, a quick summary of the position would be "you can own stuff, but not a place". In other words, it's an ideology where you have ownership of and control over your belongings, but not the land on which those belongings are kept; if the state were to evict you (e.g. for eminent domain reasons) you would be entitled to ...


5

"What right do people have to own property if other people have a claim on that property but do not physically occupy it?" There are three things going on here: ownership, occupation, and statehood. A key complication is that European property ownership structures do not map cleanly to the pre-existing social structures. The Plains Indians had territorial ...


5

It may take time before someone really studies this and comes up with meaningful numbers, especially on the national level. One helpful way of approaching the question would be through insurance claims. According to The Real Deal, as of early June: Verisk Analytics subsidiary Property Claim Services declared the civil disorder in Minneapolis to be a “...


4

You might want to read up on Geo-liberiterianism and Georgism (economic policy) which might help resolve these problems. The theory holds that there should be a Land Value Tax (LVT) as the only tax assessed on the people. This will get complicated by natural resources, but right now, we're talking only about land. As there is only so much land available ...


4

Same exact reason/right by which Lacota/Siux took over Black Hills from previous tribes that owned that land (only to claim nobody else is allowed to take it from them). Or for that matter 95%+ of human population, who live in lands that were previously occupied by someone else. Namely, they had the means to take and hold the land by force. Most of the ...


4

Property could be considered a positive right in a Communist society, where the society decides everyone is entitled to own certain personal things and just hands them to the citizens free of charge. But in a Libertarian society, people are not entitled to receive property for free. For example, you do not have a positive right to receive a free house to ...


4

Property in the form of real estate is the best thing there is to tax, especially if you levy the tax on the undeveloped value of the land. Land can’t be concealed from the taxman. It can’t be moved offshore. The person paying the tax didn’t create the land from the sweat of their brow, and nor did the person they acquired it from (except in very limited ...


3

Law enforcement, e.g. protections against trespassing and theft, are positive rights. The government actively creates them. They also aren't guaranteed in the United States constitution. They are empowered by it, in that the government is allowed to engage in law enforcement activity. The US government may provide such protections at its discretion. But ...


3

Very interesting question! In the case of #1, Nozick describes mutual protective associations, which are essentially groups of people who agree to come to the defense of members if they are attacked. In theory, each town would have a MPA, which would protect the town from attacks by outsiders. If the the northern-most town dams the river, the southern ...


3

No Libertarian would object because it takes labor, or effort to make a cookie, and your labor is your own. A cookie is more than just raw material. So long as the materials were obtained fairly. If you obtain something fairly, you own it and can do with it what you will. When you add your effort and cookies are the result, you own the cookies and can do ...


3

How many times has eminent domain been used at any or all levels of government in any year? If "using" the eminent domain power means actually bringing a lawsuit to obtain someone's property in exchange for court determined fair compensation, then the number of times is surprisingly small. But, if "using" the eminent domain power includes offering to ...


3

Tax, generally is taxation on an asset or an income. Many assets, especially in a modern world can be hard to track. Actual bricks and mortar property is usefully hard to move around, unlike say the sales that a multi-national corporation can make and then move around through its various branches, on-shore and off-shore, because of its large and opaque ...


2

There is such a correlation, but the line of causation that is suggested in the question has not been established and is unlikely. High rents are a good indicator of high average per capita income and high economic productivity. Immigration is heavily influenced by economic opportunity, and from the perspective of someone in another country, high average per ...


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