309

The most trite answer is a civil rights protection against the following algorithm: Win a legislative election. Pass any law which disproportionately imprisons the supporters of your opponents. Profit. This is relatively hard to prevent through other constitutional means, since the law doesn't need to be exclusively or primarily politically targeted to ...


185

TL;DR: You question rests in the supposition that, next to the business that refuses to sell to me, there will be another similar business that will be willing to sell to me. That supposition is, to put it mildly, optimistic, and you ignore historical examples of institutionalized/collective racism that disprove it. You take the POV of an individual ...


156

The Black Lives Matter campaign is predicated on the position that people of color are met disproportionately with death or other mistreatment at the hands of law enforcement, and that this phenomena is enabled by generalized cultural under-valuation of Black lives. The complex is not merely in that the cops themselves are belligerent or apathetic or ...


133

Democracy: Criminals (including those in jail) are affected by the results of the political process. Allowing them to vote gives their an option for their opinions to be heard. If you want to signal criminals that they are not full members of the society, do it coherently: convicted criminals cannot vote, but they get to pay less taxes, too. On the other ...


72

Yes basically, even ignoring the Civil War etc., the Ohio Army National Guard shot and killed some students during the Kent State shootings in 1970. Twenty-eight National Guard soldiers fired approximately 67 rounds over a period of 13 seconds, killing four students and wounding nine others. The Ohio Army National Guard is part of the US Army reserves in a ...


66

Here are some actual arguments given in cases around the world, extracted from a paper focusing on the Irish case: Israel: after Yigal Amir assassinated Rabin, there was a court case asking for Amir's voting rights to be curtailed. The Israeli supreme court refused stating that Amir's imprisonment was his punishment and that in denying the right to vote ‘...


61

Other people already pointed out how restrictions in supply of goods will damage the targeted groups no matter what, but in addition to that, the supposition that discrimination is harmful to the supplier is also not necessarily correct. In a society that is highly discriminatory to certain minorities, a business that bans those minorities might gain much ...


46

The ability to return to your country is considered a human right, Article 13(2) of the declaration of human rights and also Article 12 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. But cases of quarantine are one of the emergencies where freedom of movement may be restricted. So nations must eventually let their citizens enter, but they can ...


42

The US Army was employed to evict the Bonus Army from their camps in Washington. In 1932 17,000 veterans and 26,000 others (largely family of the veterans) were camped in Washington D.C. to demand payment of the "Veteran's bonus" they believed they were due for their service in WWI and desperately needed due to the hardships of the Great Depression. The US ...


41

Internal reasoning in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA): It's for women's benefit Sheikh Saleh bin Saad al-Lohaidan, a judicial adviser to an association of Gulf psychologists, recently told a Saudi website that "If a woman drives a car, not out of pure necessity, that could have negative physiological impacts as functional and physiological medical studies ...


39

The case of George Floyd is that he was accused of passing a counterfeit $20 Floyd allegedly used a counterfeit bill to buy cigarettes at the convenience store last week. The clerk reported it to police, a step that management described as store policy in Facebook posts. In the US, most jurisdictions permit 911 calls for any active crime, regardless of ...


38

A few points not brought up by the other answers: Criminals are not uniformly of one party. In certain cases reformed criminals, or even unreformed criminals, might be much wiser voters who are less easily beguiled than the innocent. For example: Suppose a white collar criminal employs some blue collar criminals to perpetrate some unlawful deed. The blue ...


34

With such a broad definition of "US army", the answer is trivially true as shown by the FBI assassination of Fred Hampton. If we include military-like actions by the police, incidents like the bombing of a city block in Philadelphia might also count. Regarding the US army specifically, the National Guard eg shot unarmed students in the 70s and shot people ...


32

Citizens who are convicted of crimes don't stop being citizens and start being criminals arbitrarily, and voting is not a privilege: it is a civic duty. It makes sense that the default should be preserving an individual's civil liberties so that they can carry out their larger duties as a citizen unless (as in the case of France, Germany and others, where a ...


31

The purpose of political districting is to ensure local representation - something that is valued as itself in the US. This decision to have districts immediately leads to a debate on what is the right way to divide an area into smaller bits, as you stated. There is no objective guide or rule to do this fairly or in a right way. Representative democracy ...


30

Abortion is legal until the end of the 24th week. Not in Northern Ireland. UK progressiveness really ought to remember to look at the whole UK. I would say that the big areas at the moment are: Preventing a regression of rights, especially in relation to Brexit; this might include employment rights, and definitely includes the rights of the 3m EU ...


30

Simply, because discrimination does not necessarily cause companies to go out of business. Other answers have dealt with the problem of preventing concrete harm to customers who are being broadly discriminated against, which would remain a plausible justification for such laws even if any such business would inevitably fail, since new discriminatory ...


29

According to the United Nations press release, the election was conducted using a secret ballot. In a secret ballot, there is no way to know who voted for a particular candidate. To help you out a little, not every nation was capable of voting. The UN org chart shows that the Commission on the Status of Women is organized by the Economic and Social Council. ...


27

I don't know their actual reasons, but I can offer two valid reasons: Right now the horror of that event and video is fresh on everyone's mind. Protests held now have the maximum exposure and most chance of making people realize there is something systemically wrong, that it's not just an unfortunate incident. The main focus is not punishing those ...


26

The fact that officers showed up promptly in person doesn't necessarily mean that they considered it an emergency. It means that they had the people available to respond and prioritized doing so over those officers' other duties. Officers also often respond to other things that I wouldn't consider an emergency, like shoplifting, loitering, or panhandling. ...


24

First and foremost: The question is ill-considered because universal suffrage is considered now a basic human right. Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 21 (1) Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives. There is the word: "Everyone". A basic human right means ...


24

Unclear on many levels and very US centric. "True democracy" is indeed a problematic qualifier. On many levels. As is 'universal suffrage'. Why not let 16 year olds vote? Like South Africa did in 1890, Law No. 5? Or Iran with 15 (until 2007). How much 'direct democracy' is in the United States? How many felons are exempt from universal suffrage in ...


23

Three key reasons: To influence the investigation. The position of BLM is that these incidents have been swept under the rug and ignored for decades. Waiting in the hopes that someone will care has not worked so far and it doesn't seem to be a strategy worth trying. To draw attention to a problem that transcends a single event. Six months from now, people ...


23

Single member districts are pretty unrepresentative You are right to question the value of holding several single-member, First-past-the-post elections. FPTP essentially throws away all votes that are not for the winner. Additionally, it throws away excess votes received by the winner. Throwing away all these votes can result in a set of representatives, ...


23

For the US army itself there are at least Federal troops took actions against railroad employees in the Pullman strike. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pullman_Strike#Federal_intervention Force movements of native Americans including the Trail of Tears https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trail_of_Tears


21

The government has a responsibility to all of its citizens to ensure their rights and liberties are not infringed upon. It doesn't matter if a business would, theoretically, flourish, fail, or be unaffected by discrimination, the act of discrimination, itself, is something that a government has an active interest in dealing with on a more immediate basis. ...


19

You misunderstand equal rights and are conflating people with income. The idea that everyone is equal under the law doesn't mean that the law must affect everyone equally, but that the law may not discriminate based on certain classes. Laws against theft only affect thieves. Property taxes only affect property owners. Gas taxes and tolls only affect drivers....


19

Why do they protest early, when the NRA withholds judgement? I think the paradigm that best explains it is the risk/reward pay-off. Here is the relevant pay-off matrix (further explained below): NRA BLM act risk high low reward low high wait risk low high reward ? low This ...


19

Why is the gender pay gap so large in the United States despite the Equal Pay Act of 1963? Because it isn't. In short, the much-cited "77 cents" figure is from the "lies, big lies, and statistics" department of political propaganda. The real unexplained wage gap is 94% The AAUW has now joined ranks with serious economists who find that ...


18

Access to legal aid, which is currently going backwards. While pjc50's answer is great, almost all of them will end up in court and without access to legal aid, anyone without significant reserves faces a severe disadvantage in the modern legal arena. Even an MP who originally supported and voted for the cuts has changed his mind. Neill, a barrister, has ...


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