The Stack Overflow podcast is back! Listen to an interview with our new CEO.
76

For many countries, the decision to attend or not is deferred to the national football association. The countries that you mention don't require exit visas, so it would require an exceptional act to prevent the football players from attending the World Cup in Russia. The government can attempt to influence the football association, but it is not a matter ...


61

When country A imposes sanctions on country B, both suffer (though the suffering may not be equal). The main reason these sanctions are more damaging for Russia than for the US is that it isn't just the US that's imposing sanctions on Russia. There are also the EU, Japan, Canada, Australia, Norway, to name just a few other countries. Consider the extreme ...


55

Top five trading partners for the United States by imports: China Mexico Canada Japan Germany If we replace Germany with the European Union as a whole, the EU would be second. Top five trading partners for Russia by imports: China Germany US Belarus Italy The US is Russia's third largest foreign supplier, even with sanctions. And two US allies (...


55

From Wikipedia: Under U.S. law, the JCPOA is a non-binding political commitment. According to the U.S. State Department, it specifically is not an executive agreement or a treaty. There are widespread incorrect reports that it is an executive agreement. In contrast to treaties, which require two-thirds of the Senate to consent to ratification, political ...


47

A single missile delivering a nuclear payload can wipe out a city. Needing to deliver hundreds or thousands of bombs or missiles to "simulate that" is a much more difficult proposition, in terms of delivery. I could, with fifty cases of aerosol deodorant spray and thousands of matches, replicate a flame thrower's output. That's a lot of work, effort, and ...


39

Asymmetry The economical relation between the USA and Russia is asymmetrical. Russia depends a great deal on its trade with the USA, while the USA don't depend much on their trade with Russia. Export from the USA to Russia is worth about $13.2 billion. Export from Russia to the USA is worth about $10.2 billion. Those numbers make the USA Russia's 7th ...


34

FIFA has very strong policies against government interference. If a government would pressure its football association to boycott the world cup, the result would be immediate suspension. So not only the decision itself would be unpopular, but it would result in further unpopular consequences (teams not allowed in other country and team international ...


29

Sanctions relief and sanctions being in action, didn't have any direct connection with our lives in Iran. See the government is shadowed by another government (Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps - IRGC). They don't answer to anybody and do as they wish. So, when the elected government tries to open up, actual people don't get so much! If there is an opening ...


25

The point of sanctions isn't necessarily, or always, "to prevent" the things the sanctions are based on. More often than not, they can serve at least three other purposes: They are a necessary step to show that you're trying to resolve the situation peacefully. This way, if a military intervention happens later, the opponents (domestic or international) ...


24

An entire international body designed for restricting trade of nuclear materials was created in response to India's first test, and the US did impose sanctions on India for their tests in the 90's. The reason India specifically hasn't been punished much is because they otherwise have a good nuclear record and claim to want stronger non-proliferation treaties....


22

Nuclear weapon yields are measured in kilotons. The bomb which destroyed Nagasaki was a 13 kiloton bomb. That was a rather small one. Fission bombs can have several hundred kiloton yields. Fusion bombs can go into megaton range (world record: 50 megatons). Those tons refer to the equivalent amount of TNT. To substitute a 100 kiloton nuke you would need to ...


21

tl;dr: Iranian living conditions have improved, but not as much as expected. This is because banks are still afraid of US punishments, and investment is hence not in line with previous expectations. Iranian living conditions have improved since sanctions relief First, it's important to recognize that Iranian living conditions have improved since sanctions ...


21

There's no better answer than Thern's, I'm afraid. Some governments have effectively boycotted the 2018 World Cup... by not sending governmental representatives to the official acts. But they haven't done anything to prevent the national teams to compete nevertheless - the only exception being the USA, who boycotted the World Cup by not qualifying. :p ...


21

Obvious answer: the sanctions don't cover everything. And they probably don't have enough signalling effect on what they don't cover. However, that it took 5 years to reach 2014 levels again, is also not negligible, i.e. the sanctions were not entirely toothless either. There is probably more to be said about the world economic context in which this ...


18

The EU does not currently have a ban on Russian Vodka, and Russian vodkas are available in supermarkets in the EU. Owing to the single market, individual countries cannot unilaterally block trade with Russia. Ukraine had a general ban on various Russian foods and drinks, including alcohol, which came into effect in Jan. 2016 telegraph


14

1. The countries who had most interest in a boycott failed the qualification. England (Skripal affair), Ukraine (East Ukraine split), USA (hostile because of Syrian/Ukraine situation) and the Netherlands (MH 17), they all failed the qualification and were therefore unable to boycott the WM. 2. Sport boycotts don't achieve anything except increasing ...


14

A rule of thumb from the 1980s: In the short term, a 1 percentage point shortfall in world oil supplies causes a 7 percentage point increase in oil prices. In economics jargon, the price elasticity of oil demand is 1/7. During the summer of 2019, oil prices ranged between 50 and 60 dollars per barrel, which is between $ 1.20 and $ 1.45 per gallon of crude ...


12

War would be disproportionate - not to mention silly, to say nothing about futile given Russia's nuclear arsenal. So rule that one out. Economic sanctions would be the next best thing, except that nobody would likely follow. Plus Russia already is the target of economic sanctions and they don't care much about them - if anything some in Russia are grateful ...


12

Any answer will be a bit speculative, because causation is very hard to prove. Changes in Iran's security and foreign policy since Trump repealed the nuclear deal include the following points: Iran restarted its nuclear military program, breaching a cap set in the nuclear Deal for the first time in July 2019 when it enriched uranium to 4.5%. Tensions ...


11

I think what you are looking for what is called Succession of states which deals with the theory and practice in international relations regarding successor states. What happens depends on the context and there are two main aspects - rights and obligations: Consequent upon the acquisition of international personality, the difficult matter of ...


10

WTO is not a political institution, while the sanctions were imposed for political reasons; WTO does not act by itself, it requires a dispute raised and reviewed by WTO’s dispute settlement mechanism (DSM). There were no dispute raised; WTO DSM can handle only the discriminatory use of WTO instruments and norms; the sanctions were not imposed with the use of ...


10

The US can do some damage to the Russian economy because it acts together with other major economic powers like the EU, while Russia cannot mobilize other economic giants to reply in kind. However, unlike in case of Iran, Russia is not going to suffer much because the US cannot impose the same sort of sanctions on the Russian banking sector. Also, a lot of ...


10

I'm not going to stake who is right on this, but the UK/Gibraltar claim/action is based on the following justification: Gibraltar's government said in a statement Friday that it is extending the detention of the supertanker by 14 days after obtaining an order from the British territory's Supreme Court. "The Supreme Court has issued today's order on ...


9

Generally speaking external sanctions do not substantially affect a ruling elite directly. They can have a secondary effect e.g. oil sanctions reducing bribe opportunities, but these weren't a large factor with Cuba. For sanctions to cause the effective removal of a ruling group, a number of factors need to come together: enough of the population must be ...


9

The jurisdiction of the UN is derived from the fact that North Korea joined the United Nations in 1991. UN resolutions are binding for all member-states. Enforcement of UN resolutions is usually not done through force but rather through sanctions. Sanctions usually mean that countries refuse to trade or cooperate in other ways with the violating country.


9

It's not something they can decide unilaterally In essence, in all these scenarios all the other countries will make a decision whether to consider B the same as A or not; and in the particular scenarios you describe, usually everyone will consider them as the same. The name of the country as decided by its legislature is pretty much irrelevant. It's ...


8

Stratfor covered this in one of their podcasts last year. Short version: sanctions can sometimes serve their purpose, BUT, more often than not: They don't work nearly as well as intended or advertised Every country - especially major one - has to be on board with the sanctions de-jure in the first place. Even so, some countries - or entities in them - ...


8

It bears looking at what exactly is being sanctioned. It is mentioned in the Wikipedia article you linked: On 16 February 2015, the EU increased its sanction list to cover 151 individuals and 37 entities. Australia indicated that it would follow the EU in a new round of sanctions. If the EU sanctioned new Russian and Ukrainian entities then Australia ...


8

In their answer, Fizz has already provided the main reason: Obvious answer: the sanctions don't cover everything. Still, it's surprising that investments have already reached the level which the had before the sanctions were introduced. I looked for information on who is investing in Russia. In April German business newspaper Handelsblatt published an ...


7

The United States has made a point of not relying on resources controlled by Russia. Russia does export large amounts of some important internationally traded resources: Oil (it is one of the top oil exporters) Natural gas (which it currently delivers to Europe) Computer programming talent Rocket launches Icebreakers Diamonds (it is one of the top diamond ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible