76

For many countries, the decision to attend or not is deferred to the national football association. The countries that you mention don't require exit visas, so it would require an exceptional act to prevent the football players from attending the World Cup in Russia. The government can attempt to influence the football association, but it is not a matter ...


61

When country A imposes sanctions on country B, both suffer (though the suffering may not be equal). The main reason these sanctions are more damaging for Russia than for the US is that it isn't just the US that's imposing sanctions on Russia. There are also the EU, Japan, Canada, Australia, Norway, to name just a few other countries. Consider the extreme ...


56

Top five trading partners for the United States by imports: China Mexico Canada Japan Germany If we replace Germany with the European Union as a whole, the EU would be second. Top five trading partners for Russia by imports: China Germany US Belarus Italy The US is Russia's third largest foreign supplier, even with sanctions. And two US allies (...


56

From Wikipedia: Under U.S. law, the JCPOA is a non-binding political commitment. According to the U.S. State Department, it specifically is not an executive agreement or a treaty. There are widespread incorrect reports that it is an executive agreement. In contrast to treaties, which require two-thirds of the Senate to consent to ratification, political ...


46

A single missile delivering a nuclear payload can wipe out a city. Needing to deliver hundreds or thousands of bombs or missiles to "simulate that" is a much more difficult proposition, in terms of delivery. I could, with fifty cases of aerosol deodorant spray and thousands of matches, replicate a flame thrower's output. That's a lot of work, effort, and ...


40

Asymmetry The economical relation between the USA and Russia is asymmetrical. Russia depends a great deal on its trade with the USA, while the USA don't depend much on their trade with Russia. Export from the USA to Russia is worth about $13.2 billion. Export from Russia to the USA is worth about $10.2 billion. Those numbers make the USA Russia's 7th ...


34

FIFA has very strong policies against government interference. If a government would pressure its football association to boycott the world cup, the result would be immediate suspension. So not only the decision itself would be unpopular, but it would result in further unpopular consequences (teams not allowed in other country and team international ...


30

Sanctions relief and sanctions being in action, didn't have any direct connection with our lives in Iran. See the government is shadowed by another government (Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps - IRGC). They don't answer to anybody and do as they wish. So, when the elected government tries to open up, actual people don't get so much! If there is an opening ...


30

You seem to fundamentally misread the situation. Turkey does not owe it to the EU to help them save face and solve their problems for them. Erdogan has leverage and the EU is listening to him because they need him to solve their refugee problem for them. If Turkey does nothing, people show up at the border. Turkey is under no obligation to protect EU ...


24

The point of sanctions isn't necessarily, or always, "to prevent" the things the sanctions are based on. More often than not, they can serve at least three other purposes: They are a necessary step to show that you're trying to resolve the situation peacefully. This way, if a military intervention happens later, the opponents (domestic or international) ...


24

An entire international body designed for restricting trade of nuclear materials was created in response to India's first test, and the US did impose sanctions on India for their tests in the 90's. The reason India specifically hasn't been punished much is because they otherwise have a good nuclear record and claim to want stronger non-proliferation treaties....


21

Nuclear weapon yields are measured in kilotons. The bomb which destroyed Nagasaki was a 13 kiloton bomb. That was a rather small one. Fission bombs can have several hundred kiloton yields. Fusion bombs can go into megaton range (world record: 50 megatons). Those tons refer to the equivalent amount of TNT. To substitute a 100 kiloton nuke you would need to ...


21

tl;dr: Iranian living conditions have improved, but not as much as expected. This is because banks are still afraid of US punishments, and investment is hence not in line with previous expectations. Iranian living conditions have improved since sanctions relief First, it's important to recognize that Iranian living conditions have improved since sanctions ...


21

There's no better answer than Thern's, I'm afraid. Some governments have effectively boycotted the 2018 World Cup... by not sending governmental representatives to the official acts. But they haven't done anything to prevent the national teams to compete nevertheless - the only exception being the USA, who boycotted the World Cup by not qualifying. :p ...


21

Obvious answer: the sanctions don't cover everything. And they probably don't have enough signalling effect on what they don't cover. However, that it took 5 years to reach 2014 levels again, is also not negligible, i.e. the sanctions were not entirely toothless either. There is probably more to be said about the world economic context in which this ...


18

The EU does not currently have a ban on Russian Vodka, and Russian vodkas are available in supermarkets in the EU. Owing to the single market, individual countries cannot unilaterally block trade with Russia. Ukraine had a general ban on various Russian foods and drinks, including alcohol, which came into effect in Jan. 2016 telegraph


15

A rule of thumb from the 1980s: In the short term, a 1 percentage point shortfall in world oil supplies causes a 7 percentage point increase in oil prices. In economics jargon, the price elasticity of oil demand is 1/7. During the summer of 2019, oil prices ranged between 50 and 60 dollars per barrel, which is between $ 1.20 and $ 1.45 per gallon of crude ...


15

As far as I can tell, there is no reason to fear a military conflict (NATO), nor any major losses for Europe's economy, if sanctions are set up. Turkey also doesn't seem to have any important allies, who would want to risk an economic conflict with the EU. While Turkey is a NATO member, there's also tension. The migrants are one thing, buying military ...


14

1. The countries who had most interest in a boycott failed the qualification. England (Skripal affair), Ukraine (East Ukraine split), USA (hostile because of Syrian/Ukraine situation) and the Netherlands (MH 17), they all failed the qualification and were therefore unable to boycott the WM. 2. Sport boycotts don't achieve anything except increasing ...


13

Generally speaking external sanctions do not substantially affect a ruling elite directly. They can have a secondary effect e.g. oil sanctions reducing bribe opportunities, but these weren't a large factor with Cuba. For sanctions to cause the effective removal of a ruling group, a number of factors need to come together: enough of the population must be ...


13

There is no problem with democracy here. The US cannot forbid German citizens or companies to deal with Russia. The US can forbid US citizens or companies to deal with German citizens or companies who deal with Russia. That applies US law to US citizens who do something the US government and congress dislike. It might be a violation of trade agreements ...


13

Different Styles of Political Conflict The world is full of countries which dislike each their respective leadership. Many even trade while they dislike each other. Countries have various means at their disposal, from delivering a diplomatic note to calling the foreign ambassador in to receive a protest, ultimately all the way to breaking diplomatic ...


12

War would be disproportionate - not to mention silly, to say nothing about futile given Russia's nuclear arsenal. So rule that one out. Economic sanctions would be the next best thing, except that nobody would likely follow. Plus Russia already is the target of economic sanctions and they don't care much about them - if anything some in Russia are grateful ...


12

Any answer will be a bit speculative, because causation is very hard to prove. Changes in Iran's security and foreign policy since Trump repealed the nuclear deal include the following points: Iran restarted its nuclear military program, breaching a cap set in the nuclear Deal for the first time in July 2019 when it enriched uranium to 4.5%. Tensions ...


11

US has already caused a lot of harm towards Cuban by imposing the indirect sanction rules that forbid any ship that docks in Cuba seaport from docking in any US port for at least 6 months. That destroyed a lot of Cuba trade, and this even strengthens Castro propaganda that USA going to enslave Cuban, again. (Though Obama administration has lifted the embargo ...


11

I think what you are looking for what is called Succession of states which deals with the theory and practice in international relations regarding successor states. What happens depends on the context and there are two main aspects - rights and obligations: Consequent upon the acquisition of international personality, the difficult matter of ...


10

WTO is not a political institution, while the sanctions were imposed for political reasons; WTO does not act by itself, it requires a dispute raised and reviewed by WTO’s dispute settlement mechanism (DSM). There were no dispute raised; WTO DSM can handle only the discriminatory use of WTO instruments and norms; the sanctions were not imposed with the use of ...


10

The US can do some damage to the Russian economy because it acts together with other major economic powers like the EU, while Russia cannot mobilize other economic giants to reply in kind. However, unlike in case of Iran, Russia is not going to suffer much because the US cannot impose the same sort of sanctions on the Russian banking sector. Also, a lot of ...


9

The jurisdiction of the UN is derived from the fact that North Korea joined the United Nations in 1991. UN resolutions are binding for all member-states. Enforcement of UN resolutions is usually not done through force but rather through sanctions. Sanctions usually mean that countries refuse to trade or cooperate in other ways with the violating country.


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible