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6

The New Hanseatic League was established in February 2018 by European Union finance ministers from Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands and Sweden.


11

This changes both over time and depending on the issue in question. A far from complete list: There is the Franco-German cooperation, sometimes called axis. The idea is that if these two can agree on something despite their differences e.g. on financial issues, they will make the others come along. The term Frugal Four was used for Austria, Denmark, the ...


7

The Benelux union between Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg - established in London in 1944 by the three governments-in-exile - springs to mind, and more recently, the Baltic Assembly consisting of Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia. The latter group especially is quite comparable to the Visegrád group (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia) - ...


3

Perhaps the most (in)famous case of intentional pressure of this kind was the Jordan River Headwater Diversion Plan. In 1964, Arab League officially adopted the plan to divert the major tributaries of Jordan River - Hasbani and Banias. From the same link: Syria began its part of the overall Arab diversion plan with the construction of the Banias to Yarmouk ...


0

They can try. But... Where is the water going to go? Diverting that amount of water in a direction away from another nation would be a huge effort. Building a dam would only cut the water flow temporarily. Also, in parts of the world where water is in short supply, cutting off a nation's water source is considered an act of war, as it is an attack on that ...


7

Blocking or diverting rivers is not an easy task, being outright impossible if the river is big. The water still has to go anywhere, and if it doesn't flow to your neighbour country it will flood yours. Retain enough water and your dam will break. With a small river it's an easier task, but the smaller it is, the more negligible its blocking will be to the ...


3

Two different issues here, making a declaration of recognition and opening diplomatic relations. The recognition is an unilateral declaration. Each country must define how it does that, but it could be as easy as a press release by the foreign office and a congratulary telegram to the other country. Nobody has to meet and sign anything. Opening diplomatic ...


13

Yes You asked if countries can "pressure" other countries with river management. Of course they can. There is a wide range of possible behaviour that is allowed but not required between nations, and how that is used can be considered "pressure." Take, for instance, EU members using the thread of cutting subsidies to pressure other EU ...


12

Why would they? Suppose that we get 100 people together with the stated goal of building a house for X, and then 1 person walks off. Would that mean that the other 99 no longer want X to have a house? While you are right that their non-participation puts an extra burden on those participating, the remainder still presumably want to participate.


23

This is precisely because of free rider problems. Ultimately we only have one world to inhabit and only one chance to get it right. This is a somewhat different condition from normal market conditions where there is usually a chance to restart. Also, unlike a normal market, participants are all sovereign nations, with no real way to enforce behavior. If ...


46

As noted in the question, climate negotiations are susceptible to bad actors, and nations might not be willing or able to deliver on the necessary changes to meet their agreed targets. You're basically asking, "If the world's going to end anyway, why not hasten it along and make sure you get yours?" Adding a self-termination clause to a fatal state ...


3

There are three questions here. The first is the military practicability. I'm not prepared to offer a final opinion on that, but consider how the United States failed to occupy either Iraq or Afghanistan effectively. The second is the legality on an invasion. The justification might be construed under something like the Responsibility to Protect. However, ...


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