Questions tagged [gender]

Questions relating to biological sex, sex-based social structures, and gender identity.

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Why is it that for Indian Muslims in rural areas, wealth and upward social mobility are not associated with greater female seclusion?

India has one of the lowest female labour participation rates in the world (ref), this twitter thread says that as Indian families become wealthier, they tighten female mobility to buy respectability ...
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13 votes
1 answer
4k views

Why has SPD voted against the gender self-determination law in 2021?

The German party SPD voted against this law in 2021 with an overwhelming majority. I assume there must have been a reason being inline with their then-attitude? Currently they have undergone an ...
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Is there any example of gender identity replacing sex at birth in a census, outside of UK?

According to this article, gender identity might de facto replace the sex at birth based on responder choice: Scotland’s chief statistician recently issued guidance stating that data on sex should ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Is there any public health system that registers both biological sex and gender in the medical records?

This response to an article raises some concerns related to how the attribute "sex" is used within the NHS: Healthcare providers and the NHS should hold accurate, reliable information about ...
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35 votes
8 answers
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Is there a country or state which issues gender free ID cards?

According to Forbes, Dutch ID Cards are scheduled to become gender-free in several years (~2025): Dutch ID cards will be gender-free within five years, as the Government seeks to end the “unnecessary”...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Are female police officers one-sixth as likely to kill as their male colleagues?

The incidence of people dying due to use of force by the police is a high profile issue at the moment. Figures about the distribution of these deaths, such as found in this paper, can be compared to ...
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16 votes
2 answers
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Why, according to the UN, "gender-biased abortion" is against human rights but "abortion in general" is not?

The UN Population Fund, in their latest report about violence against women, states: Interpretations of human rights treaties identify “gender-biased sex selection” in favour of boys as a harmful ...
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14 votes
2 answers
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Does any government except Canada advocate gender neutral language?

There are points for and against gender-neutral language (the simplest example in English is singular "they"). The Canadian government advocates its usage. Have any other government ...
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11 votes
2 answers
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Is the death rate due to police violence between men and women proportional?

According to https://skeptics.stackexchange.com/a/47814/25402 1 in 2000 men's cause of death is police violence while the corresponding number for women is 1 in 33 000. Risk is highest for black ...
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What are the arguments for and against gender-neutral passports?

On March 10th, campaigner Christie Elan-Cane lost an case in the Court of Appeal against the UK government's policy that the "Sex" field on the British passport can only contain "M" or "F". The case ...
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Is there a tendency, in the United States, to ask for altering machine translation algorithms to use gender-neutral language and gender pronouns?

Note: this somewhat related to my previous question This article deals with what seems to be gender bias in machine translation: "Our results show that male defaults are not only prominent but ...
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23 votes
6 answers
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Do European politicians typically put their pronouns on their social media pages?

Probably in an effort to embrace or promote transfeminism, some US politicians now list their pronouns on their twitter pages, e.g. Elizabeth Warren lists "she/her". (It's a big cultural trend to ask ...
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33 votes
3 answers
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Are countries other than the US concerned about pronouns and how they relate to gender?

As an example of the level of discourse this issue has received in the U.S., in July 2019, NBC reported that three Democratic 2020 presidential candidates had added their pronouns to their twitter ...
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77 votes
5 answers
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Is there a push, in the United States, to use gender-neutral language and gender pronouns (when they are given)?

I have just read a tiny fraction of a huge amount of content generated by the apparent abusive dismissal of an important moderator from the Stack Exchange network. An answer that tries to explain one ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Can the European Commission president reject a candidate because of his/her gender not matching the global division between genders?

Just caught a glimpse of a bunch of reporters asking an ex Romanian Minister (Dan Nica) a few questions related to nomination as EU Commissioners. Besides a few questions related to an old corruption ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Do transgender activists believe being transgender stems from nature, nurture, or some ratio of both? [closed]

CONTENT WARNING - question relates to how "transgenderness" is constructed, and whether or not seen by trans theorists as biologically determined or socially constructed (or something else/some ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
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Is the variability hypothesis somehow acknowledged in discussions over the gender gap in certain professions?

The variability hypothesis states that while men and women have the same median intelligence, they display a greater variability in their performance than females. This could explain both the ...
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13 votes
2 answers
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Are there any programs in the US to increase male participation in female-dominated jobs?

As an example, only 20% of elementary & middle school teachers in the US are male, similar to the percentage of software engineers who are female. Are there any government programs in place to ...
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16 votes
6 answers
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Why is the gender pay gap quoted at 20% even though it's lower when controlling for variables?

Roughly speaking, the average woman in the U.S. earns 80% as much per year as the average man. (I'm not sure if that's over all people or just those employed) I was raised in a time where people ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Has a British political party ever had more women MPs than men before The Independent Group?

"The Independent Group instantly has a majority of female MPs" Esther Webber, Other than where the group of MPs is a single person (such as Caroline Lucas), has a party ever had more women MPs ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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How does gender status impact access to political resources?

I am currently taking a course in male and female relationships and I was wondering how gender impacts the access to political resources or if there is a "gender lens" (male or female) in politics in ...
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10 votes
2 answers
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Why do some countries have lower instead of higher retirement age for women?

As we can see here some half of the countries have established lower retirement age for women than men. I struggle to think of any reason why would they do so. I understand that not every government ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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Why can a person freely change their name, but not their identified gender, in the UK?

In the UK, there is no concept of an "official name". A person's name is simply, whatever name they choose to use and be known by. They can change it or use more that one name in different contexts. ...
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4 votes
3 answers
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Why are there so many nations that have still not ratified the Istanbul Convention?

Context: In December 2008, the Council of Europe set up an expert committee, the Ad Hoc Committee for preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (CAHVIO). In December 2010, ...
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4 votes
0 answers
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Is it discrimination that women live longer but don't pay higher pension contributions? [closed]

In UK women live 4 years longer on average than men(79 vs 83). However, national insurance is the same for both genders. The similar situation exists in most countries(in many countries it is even ...
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21 votes
1 answer
2k views

How are women integrated into the North Korean military?

Background Korean People's Army soldiers (per Wikipedia) About 25% of North Korea's population is in either an active duty role or a reserve/paramilitary role in the Korean People's Army, and North ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Why is it legal to discriminate by gender when letting rooms and flats?

In the UK (and apparently most other western countries) there are incredibly strict laws against gender discrimination in the workplace, education, services, military etc. However, when it comes to ...
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25 votes
1 answer
10k views

What do British people think about female-only carriages on trains?

I read that one politician in British Labour party suggested implementing a women-only carriage but immediately got backlash (here or here). I tried accessing some of these articles but all of them ...
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3 votes
2 answers
677 views

How effective is the fight against skewed sex ratio in India?

Sex ratio is the ratio between female births and male births during a given period in a given area. The sex ratio "naturally" observed in most populations is between 950 and 1000 girls for ...
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38 votes
4 answers
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Why is Canada's bill C-16 believed to be legislating pronoun use?

The Canadian bill C-16 ("An Act to amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code") has been the subject of heated debate and controversy. I admit I hadn't followed it very closely, but I'...
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8 votes
3 answers
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Why is the gender pay gap so large in the United States despite the Equal Pay Act of 1963?

Why is the gender pay gap in the United States (1:0.77) so large in the United States despite there being civil rights legislation against discrimination in wages based on sex? Is it due to poor ...
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32 votes
7 answers
12k views

Why is "Equal Pay for Equal Work" regulation controversial?

I was going to ask this question when I heard Hillary Clinton said in the first presidential debate that: "Trump has said women don't deserve equal pay unless they do as good a job as men." I thought ...
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10 votes
1 answer
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Why are female offenders given lesser sentences for the same crime as men?

I'm particularly talking about student-teacher relationships. Females are usually given less punishment for the same or a similar crime. A couple of years ago I found my former high school teacher ...
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-1 votes
5 answers
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How could the government encourage more women study higher education

1- How could the government encourage more women study higher education? 2- How could the government encourage more women choose studies that are more income-rewarding, like the most technical, such ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Why does Rwanda have a high proportion of women in parliament?

Rwanda has the highest proportion of women in parliament in the world - even above the proportion of women in the general population at 64%. Why is this the case?
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0 votes
1 answer
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Why don't women vote more for female candidates for office?

Women are at least 50% (give or take) of the electorate. However, they clearly are a small fraction of elected politicians. There are plenty of reasons why a woman may not want to run for office in ...
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3 votes
1 answer
843 views

Why is favoring male over female children "acceptable" in some countries and not others? [closed]

In countries like China and India, parents indicate their preference for male over female children by selective abortions (allowed by pre-natal screening), which abort a disproportionate number of ...
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12 votes
2 answers
739 views

Is there a study that seeks to quantify left/right bias by gender and country?

Here in Russia, women tend to be much more right-wing than men. Women more often support free market, privatization, vote for billionaires, support the US and NATO policy, support copyright, anti-...
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3 votes
1 answer
399 views

Have any studies shown that lowering standards for women have improved police/firefighter performance?

With recent talks about removing the restrictions for allowing women on the front lines of combat, the question has been raised if this will weaken the military. We already allow women to serve as ...
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9 votes
2 answers
335 views

Did any countries precede Nepal in introducing a 3rd legal gender?

From this article in The Scotsman: Nepal’s government will begin issuing citizenship certificates with the category “third gender” for people who do not wish to be identified as male or female. ...
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